G.A.R. Post: John Buford Post #89 Everett, WA
1st WISCONSIN VOLUNTEER HEAVY ARTILLERY COMPANY "C"
Mustered In: 10/1/63
Mustered Out: 9/21/65 Nashville, TN
NOTE: During the American Civil War infantry and cavalry regiments generally served together as a cohesive unit. That was not the case for artillery regiments which seldom, if ever, were assembled at one location. Instead, individual companies called "batteries" (generally composed of six cannons) were assigned on an individual basis wherever a need existed. As such, herein primarily the history of battery "C" alone is being covered.
While the lineage of the 1st Wisconsin Heavy Artillery (the term "heavy" primarily refers to large cannons which were most often positioned within static fortifications) traces back to mid/late, 1861, company/battery "C" was formed in 1863 as part of the 1st Battalion Wisconsin Heavy Artillery. The organization's name was later changed to 1st Regiment Wisconsin Heavy Artillery.
Battery "C" was mustered into Federal Service on 10/1/63 and left the state on 10/30 for Fort Wood located in Chattanooga, TN. In January, 1864 it moved to Fort Creighton in that city and then to May to Fort Sherman. On March 29, 1865 it moved to Athens, TN. From there it marched to Mouse Creek. On July 3rd, the war being over, it was ordered to Strawberry Plains. It was mustered out at Nashville on 9/21/65
Residence: Spring Greene, WI Age: 14.4 yrs.
Enlisted/Enrolled: 8/25/63 Rank: Pvt.
Mustered In: 10/1/63 Milwaukee, WI
Mustered Out: 9/21/63 Washington D.C.
Highest Rank: Pvt.
Samuel Mellison was born 3/29/49 in Prospect, PA to John (b. d. unk. VA) and Anna (nee Baumgartner b. d. unk. PA) Mellison. Beyond the fact that in 1854 the Mellisons moved from Pennsylvania to Bad Axe County, Wisconsin, nothing additional is known about Samuel's birth family, childhood or formative years.
In August, 1863 Samuel enlisted in the U.S. Army as a drummer boy. For enlisting he received a $100 bonus or "bounty", $75 of which was paid up front with the balance to come in later increments. Although military service records report that Private Mellison - the surname was also shown as Millison - was eighteen years of age, in actuality he was fourteen.
From November, 1863 until around April, 1864 Private Mellison was absent from his company. During those months he was reported "sick in Wood's Division Hospital Chattanooga, TN." The nature of his lengthy illness is not known. He then was reported as present for duty until being mustered out of the military on 9/21/65. Interestingly, although reportedly a drummer, private Mellison also had a rifled musket. When being mustered out he chose to pay the U.S. Government $6 so he could retain the musket and related accoutrements.
With the War and military service behind him young Samuel moved to Minnesota and then on to the Dakota Territory where he remained until 1871. That year he removed to a farm near Saline River, Kansas where he engaged in raising stock and farming.
In 1878, within Kansas, Samuel moved from Saline River to Hays City. At that location he was involved in the restaurant business for two years. He was then appointed post trader/sutler at nearby Fort Hays.
August, 1879. Samuel married to Bessie Mormoyle (b. d. unk. NY). Available records indicate the couple produced nine children - six daughters and three sons. Only two of the girls' names - Anna May (b. d. unk.) and Elizabeth (b. d. unk.) - are documented. The name of only one of the boys - Samuel, Jr. - is known.
Around 1900 the Mellisons moved to Everett, Snohomish County, Washington. What drew the family to the Puget Sound region is not documented. There Samuel became a member of the local police department.
Interestingly, prior to moving to Everett and becoming a police officer, Samuel reportedly had gained the reputation of being a ”trailblazer", "frontiersman" and "Indian scout." According to family lore he personally knew William "Buffalo Bill" Cody and George Armstrong Custer.
Bessie died in 1925. Samuel, former Civil War artilleryman died on 3/24/27 five days shy of his 78th birthday. Both Bessie and he are buried in Everett's Evergreen Cemetery.
Buried at Evergreen Cemetery
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