G.A.R. Post: Oliver Morton Post #10 Snohomish, WA
1st NEBRASKA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
Organized: 6/11-7/11/63 Omaha, NE
Mustered Out: 7/1/66 Omaha, NE
The 1st, a three-year infantry regiment, was recruited from The Territory at large and mustered in by companies. The initial battalion immediately left for Missouri where, in mid August, it was joined by the remainder of the unit. In Missouri the 1st scouted for bushwhackers until 2/1862 when it was ordered to Tennessee. Here it received high praise for its behavior under enemy fire at Ft. Donelson.
It was next actively engaged during the second (4/7/62) day of fighting at Shiloh. Once more it received the highest praise form Union Gen. Wallace for its bravery and gallantry.
In 1863 after moving throughout Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Missouri, the 1st was recruited to the full complement of a cavalry regiment. By special order dated 10/11/63 it was then re-designated the 1st Nebraska Cavalry. By 9/64, focus of this western theater unit now, because of consolidation, known as the “1st Regiment Nebraska Veteran Cavalry” began to shift away from Johnny Reb toward hostile Indians threatening communications routes throughout Nebraska.
By the time of its demise the 1st had traveled over 15,000 miles.
Residence: Viroqua, WI Age: 24 yrs
Enlisted/Enrolled: 8/1 or 8/8/61 Browneville, NE Rank: Private.
Discharged: 11/25/62 St. Louis, MO
Highest Rank: Pvt.
Nathan B. Curtis was born Sept. 1839 in Chittadee, VT. His parents, Amos and Roxanna Curtis bore four girls and three boys. Nathan, the sixth child, was the youngest of the boys. No information is currently available on his childhood or teenage years.
In 1861 the 5.8”, blue eyed tinsmith entered the U.S. Army. Why the supposed Wisconsin resident joined a Nebraska regiment is unclear. While pension affidavits place Mr. Curtis in Wisconsin in 1858/9, another source lists his residence as Nebraska at the time of his enlistment. Perhaps he was residing there for a time in 1861.
On 4/7/62, the second day of fighting at Shiloh/Pittsburg Landing, TN, a fragment from an exploding artillery shell struck Pvt. Curtis in the right eye, destroying part of the iris. After being hospitalized at St. Louis he was given a medical discharge because of loss of vision in the eye.
Returning to the Wisconsin village of Virogua Nathan resumed his pre war occupation as tinsmith. However, by 1877 (at the latest 1881) he is in the Puget Sound area where his occupation is listed as woodsman.
1891, the war-damaged eye prompted the Marysville resident to seek a government disability pension. Such was granted as at the time of his death in the latter months of 1900, the 61 year old veteran was receiving a $17 per month stipend. Nathan B. Curtis was never married.
Buried at Snohomish G.A.R.
Gallo de Oro Family Mexican Restaurant
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