3rd WISCONSIN VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
Organized: June, 1861 Camp Hamilton Fond du Lac, WI
Mustered In: 6/29/1861 Camp Hamilton Fond du Lac, WI
Mustered Out: 7/18/1865 Madison, WI
The 3rd Wisconsin was a three year infantry regiment. It saw service in both the eastern and western theaters of the American Civil War (ACW).
Mustered into Federal service on 6/29/1861 the regiment left the state on 7/12 and preceded to Frederick, MD. There, it arrested the "bogus" legislature. It then drove a superior enemy force from Bolivar. At year's end it was assigned to provost (military police) duty at Frederick.
In 1862 the 3rd took part in the Federal advance on Manassas, VA. It then acted as rear-guard during the Union retreat from Winchester. The following day, however, it took part in the (5/25) battle for that city.
At Cedar Mountain, VA (8/9/1862) the regiment received high praise. The following month (9/17/1862) it saw action at Antietam, MD. Of three hundred thirty five men engaged, twenty seven were killed and one hundred seventy one wounded.
May (6 &7), 1863 found the 3rd at Chancellorsville, VA. Again, it suffered heavy losses. The unit was then engaged at Brandy Station, VA (6/9) before it marched to Gettysburg, PA (7/1 - 7/3). The regiment next moved to New York, NY to aid in quelling the draft riots.
1864. During Union Gen. W.T. Sherman's movements to capture Atlanta, GA the 3rd was engaged at Resaca (5/13 - 15), Marietta (6/9 - 7/3), Kennesaw Mountain (6/27) and Peachtree Creek (7/20). It ended the year by marching to Savannah and the sea.
The 3rd participated in the Washington, D.C. Grand Review (5/23-29/1865) before being mustered into history. That final event took place on 7/18/1865 in Louisville, KY.
Officers Killed Or Mortally Wounded: 9; Officers Died Of Disease, Accidents, Etc.:2; Enlisted Men Killed Or Mortally Wounded: 158*; Enlisted Men Died Of Disease, Accidents, Etc.: 113.
* The third was one of a scant few Union regiments that lost more men in combat than it did to disease, etc.
Residence: Waupun, WI Age: 22.8 yrs.
Enlisted/Enrolled: 4/22/1861 Rank: Pvt.
Mustered In: 4/22/1861
Discharged For Disability: 10/25/1862
Highest Rank: Pvt.
Rank At Discharge: Pvt.
NOTE: The birth - to - death profile on Henry Boyd was completed in December, 2021 during the Covid-19 pandemic. As reach resources such as the National Archives were closed veteran-related military, pension, medical homestead, etc. files were not available, it contains less detail than many of the other biographies on this website. At a later time these files may be obtained and the information therein added to the biography which follows.
Henry L. Boyd was born on August 12, 1828. The location of his birth was somewhere in Ireland.
Parents of Henry were John Boyd (b. 1790 Antrim Ahoghill Galgorm, Ireland - d. 7/15/1878 Mower County, MN) and Sara (nee Lagos b. 1802 Antrim Ahoghill Galgorm, Ireland - d. before 1875 LeRoy Mower County, MN) Boyd. John Boyd's occupation is not known.
As best as can be determined Henry was the fifth of eight Boyd children all of whom were born in Ireland. Siblings older than Henry were: James Boyd (b. 1819 Ireland), Katherine Boyd (b. 1823 Ireland), Mary Boyd (b. 1825 Ahoghill Antrim Ireland) and William A. Boyd (b. 1/1825 Ireland). Younger than Henry were: John Boyd, Jr. (b. 1/6/1825 Ireland), Sara Lago Boyd 3/13/1837 Ireland) and Dora D. Boyd (b. 3/1843 Cork County, Ireland). Noting that all the Boyd children were Irish born, the family immigrated to America sometime after Dora's birth.
Although it is not documented, arriving the U.S. John and family likely initially set foot on American soil in New York, New York. From there, most of the clan - at some point - moved westward to Minnesota. Henry, though, appears to have remained in New York. There, during the late 1840s or early 1850s, he married.
Henry's bride was Mary Grace Mahoney. She had been born in Emmerskean Cork County Ireland during 1832. When she had arrived in America is not known.
After marrying Henry and Mary appear to have set up house in New York State. This is surmised because their first two children were birthed in New York.
During their years together Henry and Mary produced twelve children. They were: John Henry Boyd (b. 1851 Brooklyn, NY), Henry L. Boyd Jr. (b.1853 NY), William Boyd (b. 1855 NY - d. 1855 NY), James Boyd (b. 1858 WI - d. 1858 WI), Andrew L. Boyd (b. 11/1863 LeRoy Mower County, MN), Mariette Boyd (b.1866 LeRoy Mower County, MN), Maryetta Boyd (b.1866 WI), James Edgar Boyd (b. 3/1867 LeRoy Mower County, MN), Sarah A. Boyd (b. 12/1869 MN), William Arthur Boyd (b. 7/20/1870 Mower County, MN), Hellen Boyd (b. 6/13/1872 MN) and Debra Boyd (b.1873 loc. unk.).
As noted by the children’s' birthplaces, at some point in time between 1855 and 1858 the Boyds quitted New York and moved westward to Mower County, MN. Likely the family was drawn there because that was where Henry's parents - and perhaps some siblings - had resettled. Most, if not all, of Henry and Mary’s children were born in Minnesota.
The above having been said, it is difficult to understand why the 1860 U.S. Census found carpenter Henry and family residing in Waupun Fon du Lac County, WI. Finally, when, in 1861 Henry Boyd became Private Henry Boyd, he listed his residence as being Waupun. Perhaps, just perhaps, when pregnant Mary would journey to Henry's parent's home to give birth.......................??
On 4/22/1861 Henry did, in fact, leave his family and join the U.S. Army. His regiment was the 3rd Wisconsin Infantry.
Without accessing Private Boyd's military service and records all we can say about his period of service is that he did not complete his three year term of enlistment. On 10/22/1862 he was discharged for some, presently unknown, disability.
Exactly where home was when Henry exited the army is unclear. Perhaps it was Wisconsin. If it was Wisconsin, he and his family did not remain there for long because, by November, 1863 when Andrew was born, the family had moved from Wisconsin and were living - likely farming - in LeRoy Mower County, MN where Henry’s parents lived. The Boyds were to continue residence there at least through 5/2/1876 when Mary died.
No details are available relating to Mary's death. Further, although likely it was/is in LeRoy, her final resting place is not known.
By 1880 Henry had departed Minnesota and settled into farming in Township 106* Lake County, Dakota Territory. He had also remarried.
The second Mrs. Henry Boyd has been identified only as Rachel E. Boyd. Her maiden surname has not been found within available documents. All we know about her is that she had been born in Massachusetts sometime during the year 1837. Henry and Rachel would produce no children. She died in 1897.
The 1900 U.S. Census for Madison Lake County, SD noted widower Henry continuing to reside in that community. In the same town was residing a widow named Anna R. Burdick (nee Smith). Anna had been born in Massachusetts during June, 1840. Previously wed, she had a daughter named Minnie. Anna is significant to our story because sometime between 1900 and 1910 she and Henry married.
Henry died on 3/15/1910 in Port Angeles Clallam County, WA. What had drawn the old soldier, wife Anna and her daughter, Minnie, to the Pacific Northwest and when they had arrived here are unknowns.
Cause of retired carpenter Henry's death was listed as "senile decay." Burial was/is in the Port Angeles Ocean View Cemetery.
Interestingly, on some unidentified date prior to his passing, Henry had created a last will and testament. In that document he bequeathed to his own children and grandchildren, one dollar each. To Anna's daughter, Minnie, he left his Port Angeles property holdings and other assets.
Anna died on 2/27/1915 in Port Angeles, WA. She was/is buried with Henry in the Ocean View Cemetery.
* This area subsequently became the community of Madison Lake County, SD.
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