14th OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
Organized: 8/14 TO 9/1/1861 Toledo, OH
Mustered In: Inf. Not Avail.
Mustered Out: 7/11/1865 Louisville, KY
The 14th Ohio was a three year, western theater infantry regiment. Formed during the summer of 1861, by October of that year it had moved into Kentucky. There it saw its first action at Wild Cat (10/21/1861). Contact with the enemy came next at Mill Springs, Wayne County, KY (1/19/1862). A march from Nashville, TN to Louisville, KY preceded winter quarters at Gallatin, TN.
In June, 1863 the 14th formed a portion of the Federal advance upon Tullahuma and Chattanooga, TN (8/21/1863). At Chickamauga, GA (9/18 - 20/1863) the regiment entered the battle on 9/19 with 449 men. Out of that number it lost 223 killed, WOUNDED and missing.
During 1864 the newly veteranized 14th joined Union Gen. W.T. Sherman's campaign to capture Atlanta, GA. In all the marches and the almost incessant skirmishes and flanking movements of that campaign the regiment bore an honorable part losing heavily in both enlisted men and officers.
During a heroic charge at Jonesboro, GA (8/31 - 9/1/1864) the 14th took nearly as many prisoners as the regiment numbered men. This, however, was not without a cost. One hundred members of the unit whose enlistments had expired went willingly into the fight. Some were subsequently killed and many were wounded.
After pursuing retreating Rebels under Confed. Gen. Hood the 14th returned to Georgia and took part in the "march to the sea." Final muster came in mid-1865.
Officers Killed Or Mortally Wounded: 5; Officers Died Of Disease, Accidents, Etc.: 1; Enlisted Men Killed Or Mortally Wounded: 141; Enlisted Men Died Of Disease, Accidents, Etc.: 185.
Residence: Inf. Not Avail. Age: 21.1 yrs. (est.)
Enlisted/Enrolled: 9/4/1861 Rank: Pvt.
Mustered In: 9/4/1861
Mistered Out: 9/12/1864
Highest Rank: Pvt.
Rank At Discharge: Pvt.
NOTE: The birth - to - death biographical profile of Samuel Battenfield was created in May, 2021 during the Covid-19 medical pandemic. It contains less depth of detail than many other biographies within this website because military service, pension and other veteran-related files housed in Washington, D.C.'s National Archives were not available. At a later time those documents may be obtained and the data contained therein added to the narrative which follows.
Samuel Richard Battenfield was born in July, 1840. No specific birth date has been found in available documents. His place of birth was within the state of Ohio.
Parents of Samuel were Adam Battenfield (b. 4/4/1803 Greene County, OH - d. 12/3/1879 Napoleon Henry County, OH) and Elizabeth (nee Berger b. 9/1/1804 Berke County, PA - d. 12/8/1881 Harrison Township Henry County, OH) Battenfield. Adam was both a justice of the peace and a farmer.
Adam and Elizabeth produced at least eleven children. Of those eleven Samuel was the eighth. His older siblings were Susannah (b. 4/23/1824), Priscilla (b. 1/18/1826), Sarah M. (b. 12/22/1828), Catherine (b. 1830), George W. (b. 6/13/1833 **), Jacob (b. 11/13/35) and Margaret F. (b. 3/13/38). Those younger were William Daniel (b. 9/30/1842 ****), John A. (10/13/1845 *****) and Joseph G. (b. 11/25/1852).
All of the Battenfield children were born in Ohio, but not all were birthed in the same community or county. This would seem to indicate that Adam and Elizabeth did some intra-state moving during their child producing/rearing years.
In September, 1861 Samuel left his parents' home and joined the U.S. Army. His regiment was the 14th Ohio Infantry. Without accessing his military service records all that can be said about his period of enlistment is that he was wounded on 9/13/1863 during the battle of Chickamauga, GA, but was able to remain with his unit until his enlistment expired a year later.
Exactly where Samuel settled after leaving the army is an unknown. Likely, however, it was his parents' Ohio farm.
On 12/25/1866 Samuel - in Henry County, OH - married. His bride was Sally Ann Haynes. Sally had been born on 8/14/1849. Where she was birthed is not documented.
Samuel and Sally produced only one child. That child was a son born in 1868. They named the boy Howard Burton Battenfield.
In 1870 U.S. Census takers found Samuel, Sally and Burton in Freedom Henry County, OH. Samuel listed his occupation as "farmer."
Tragically, Sally died on 9/14/1872. Details of her passing are not known. She was only 23.1 years of age. She was/is buried in the Union Chapel Cemetery located in Napoleon Henry County.
Samuel remarried. The wedding was held on 5/2/1875 in Seneca County, OH. The second Mrs. Samuel Battenfield was Alice "Allie" Hueston. ******
Allie had been born on 5/22/1854. The location of her birth was Hardin County, OH.
During their years together. Samuel and Allie produced six children. They were: Pearl Battenfield (b. 1876 OH), Willie Battenfield (b. 2/1/1878 Harrison Henry County, OH- d. 5/26/78 Henry County, OH), Lenore Battenfield (b. 3/5/1879 Harrison Henry County, OH), Bess Battenfield (b. 3/1879 OH), Bruce James Battenfield (b. 4/20/1882 McClure Henry County, OH) and Samuel Rex Battenfield (b. 5/4/1886 OH).
As noted above, all the Battenfield children were Ohio born. Further, all except for Willie who had lived for only a few months were alive in 1900 at the dawn of the twentieth century.
All post American Civil War (ACW) U.S. census tallies between 1870 and 1900 found Samuel and his family in Henry County, OH. In 1870 they were residing in Freedom Henry County, OH. A decade later, in 1880 they were in Harrison Henry County, OH. The tally for 1890 was destroyed by fire. Although we do not have a census reading for that decade a June, 1890 inventory of surviving ACW Union Soldiers, Sailor, Marine, Widows, Etc. found Samuel in Damascus Township Henry County, OH. Finally, the 1900 census found the Battenfields in the community of McClure which is also located in Henry County.
Henry Richard Battenfield died on 5/3/1903. Interestingly, his passing came - not in Ohio - but at his 410 Seneca St. home located in Seattle King County, WA. What had drawn he and his family westward to the Pacific Northwest's Puget Sound region of Washington State during the brief window of 1900 to 1903 is a puzzler. The same holds true for exactly when the Battenfields arrived here.
Samuel was/is buried in Seattle’s Mt. Pleasant Cemetery. That burial ground is located on that city’s Queen Ann Hill.
Likely based on his 9/13/1863 wounding Samuel applied for a U.S. Government disability pension as early 7/19/1866. Without accessing his pension files the details of the stipend he was granted are not known. We do know, however, that as of June of 1890 he was still receiving a monthly payment based on heart problems and the lingering effects of sunstroke which he had apparently suffered during The War. Although the monthly amounts are not available, he continued to receive payments up until his death.
Following Samuel's passing Allie, on 7/28/1903, petitioned the U.S. Government to continue receiving a portion of her late husband's pension payment. That request was granted but, again, without her pension file the amount of her monthly grant remains an unknown.
Alice Hueston Battenfield died on 1/5/1920 in Seattle King County, WA. Details of her death are not available. The 65.7 year old's remains were interred in Seattle's Mt. Pleasant Cemetery beside those of Samuel.
* The Battenfield surname appears in various venues as Batterfield, Battenfeet, Butterfield and Bottomfield.
** During the American Civil War George served in the 9th Ohio Cavalry. He survived The War.
*** During the American Civil War Jacob served in the 68th Ohio Infantry. He survived The War.
**** During the American Civil War William served in the 68th Ohio Infantry. He survived The War
***** During the American Civil War John served in 198th Ohio Infantry. He survived The War.
****** Alice's surname also appears as Houston, Heuston and Houson.
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