PROVISIONAL ARMY of the CONFEDERATE STATES
PROVISIONAL ARMY OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES HISTORY:
The Provisional Army of the Confederate States (P.A.C.S.) was authorized by an act of the Provisional Confederate Congress on 2/23/1861.It was to be an organization of volunteers (and conscripts) for use in land-based operations during time of war. All P.A.C.S. units were to be exclusively recruited and equipped by the seceding southern states and, although a sub division of the regular Confederate States Army (CSA), P.A.C.S. was separated from that organization with its individual members and units under the command of the Commander In Chief (President) and the C.S.A. War Department.
Upon Confederate President Jefferson Davis' 3/18/1861 call for 100.000 volunteers with twelve month enlistments, P.A.C.S. was organized into military departments that contained various forces. P.A.C.S. co-existed with the regular Confederate States Army throughout The Rebellion.
Individuals commissioned into P.A.C.S. did not serve with one unit or at one location. Under the P.A.C.S. umbrella they could be assigned and reassigned to different tasks and locales.
Loss Numbers Not Available.
Residence: Yazoo County, MS Age: ca. 26 yrs.
Enlisted/Enrolled: 1861 Rank: Surgeon/Major
Mustered In: 1861
Mustered Out: Inf. Not Avail.
Highest Rank: Surgeon/Major
Rank At Discharge: Surgeon/Major
PROVISIONAL ARMY of the CONFEDERATE STATES Co. "Medical Staff"
NOTE: The birth - to - death biographical profile of Henry W. Yandell was created in July, 2022 during the waning days of Covid-19 medical pandemic. It contains less depth of detail than many other biographies within this website because military service, pension and other veteran-related files housed in Washington, D.C.'s National Archives were not available. At a later time those documents may be obtained and the data contained therein added to the narrative which follows.
____________________________________________________________________________________________________Henry William Yandell, an only child, was born 4/25/1835. His place of birth was somewhere along the Big Black River in Hinds County, MS.
Parenting Henry were Henry Wilson Yandell (b. 3/26/1812 TN - d. 9/2/1835 MS) and Martha E. (nee Davis. b. 1/3/1818 Bedford County, TN) Yandell. As was his father before him, Henry Wilson Yandell was a medical doctor.
Henry William's (henceforth Henry) father died less than six months following son Henry's birth. After the death his mother moved to Bedford County, TN and remarried to John M. Seahorn.
John Seahorn was a merchant. As a result Henry grew up working as a clerk in his step father's drug store. Although he received a literary education at Dickson Academy located in Shelbyville, TN while employed in the store, he also read medicine.
Henry's mother died when he was fifteen years of age. After her passing Henry resided with an uncle in Mississippi before entering the University of Louisville (KY) in 1853. He graduated from that institution with the degree of Medical Doctor in 1856.
Following his medical school graduation Henry was offered an internship in the Louisville Hospital. He declined the offer because of an uncle's request that he return to Mississippi. Doing so, he entered into a medical practice in Yazoo County, MS which he maintained for nearly thirty-five years.
In 1861 Dr. Yandell put his personal, private practice aside and entered the Provisional Army of the Confederate States (P.A.C.S.) as a surgeon. During the next three plus years he was principally engaged as a hospital director - primarily at Lee Hospital in Lauderdale Springs, MS - where he was busied, not only with sick and wounded soldiers, but with acquiring medicines and medical supplies necessary to keep a medical facility afloat.
For a short time, it appears Dr. Yandell performed field duty on the staffs of Confederate Generals Albert Sydney Johnston and Nathan Bedford Forrest. It seems that during one of these periods he actually became a prisoner of war.
Further, according to one telling, General Johnston died in Dr. Yandell's arms during the 4/6/1862 battle of Shiloh/Pittsburg Landing, TN. The story goes as such:
"Noticing General Johnston was wounded, Dr. Yandell urged him to dismount his horse and submit to treatment. This, he - the General - declined to do, stating that it was only a flesh wound. Continuing to direct the battle, a few minutes later a young lieutenant fell a short distance away, and Gen. Johnston peremptorily ordered Dr. Yandell to go and attend to him. The latter was in the act of doing so when Gen. Johnston was seen to reel in his saddle and fall to the ground. Examination revealed that a bullet had penetrated the femoral artery. The General died within ten minutes. Thereafter Dr. Yandell stated that had the General submitted to surgical attention when importuned to do so his life probably would have been saved."
The War ended, Dr. Yandell reportedly remained on duty at the Lauderdale hospital until the last man had been treated and released. He then returned to Yazoo County, MS and resumed his medical practice.
On 10/29/1867 in Yazoo County, MS Dr. Yandell married. His bride was Rebekah W. Hays. Rebecah had been born into a landed Yazoo County, MS family circa 1844/'45.
During their years together Henry and Rebecah produced five children. They were: Clairborne Bowman Yandell (b. 9/30/1873 MS), Martha Yandell (b. 4/25/1875 MS), William Henry Yandell (b. 1/1/1877 Benton, MS), David Lunsford Yandell (b. 12/24/1886 Yazoo Yazoo County, MS) and John Seahorn Yandell (b. 12/3/1887 Yazoo County, MS). All lived well into the twentieth century.
1888. On account of failing health, Dr. Yandell was obliged to seek a change of climate. According, in April, 1889 he and his family moved to and arrived in Seattle King County, Washington Territory (WT). What, other than climate, may have drawn the Yandells to the Puget Sound region of the Pacific Northwest is not known.
In Seattle Dr. Yandell constructed a "commodious and substantial house on Sixth, near Bell Street" and returned to practicing medicine. In that pursuit, he became a well-respected member of the King County Medical Society and, beginning in 1896, served two years as King County Coroner.
By 1910 Dr. Yandell and family had quitted Seattle and King County to move northward to Fidalgo Island - and, later LaConner - located in Skagit County. There, the good doctor assumed the title of surgeon for the United States Indian Service on the Swinomish Reservation.
Rebekah Yandell died in April of 1914. Although details of her passing are not known, her loss was apparently sudden and a shock to Dr. Yandell. Even worse, it was a shock from which he never recovered. Rebekah was/is buried in Seattle's Lake View Cemetery located near the north end of that city's Capitol Hill.
It appears that following the loss of Rebekah, Dr. Yandell ceased his medical practice on the Swinomish Indian Reservation. Further, his health began to deteriorate.
Long a member of several Masonic orders, Dr. Henry William Yandell died in Seattle’s private Mason (Sanatorium) Hospital on 4/14/1916. He was/is buried with Rebekah in Seattle's Lake View Cemetery.
Buried at Lake View Cemetery Seattle
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