14th MISSOURI VOLUNTEER STATE MILITIA (UNION) CAVALRY
Organized: Early, 1862 MO at large.
Mustered In: February to May, 1862 MO at large.
Disbanded: By order dated 2/4/1863
4th MISSOURI VOLUNTEER STATE MILITIA (UNION) CAVALRY
Organized: 2/1/1862 St. Joseph, MO
Mustered In: Inf. Not Avail.
Mustered Out: 4/1865 St. Louis, MO
REGIMENTAL HISTORY: (14th)
With the onset of the American Civil War (ACW) in April, 1861 Border States found themselves faced with divided loyalties and unique needs. As a result, in November, 1861 the Provisional Missouri Governor and U.S. President Abraham Lincoln reached an agreement which resulted in the formation of a full-time state militia.
The mounted, fast-moving units would remain under state control and primarily serve only within the state's boundaries confronting Rebel guerillas, recruiters and raiders, but would be financed and equipped by the Federal Government. Initial Missouri State Militia (MSM) units such as the 14th remained in service for six months being replaced by new organizations.
MSM cavalry regiments such as the 14th differed from Federal units in three ways. Firstly, light artillery was frequently integrated into regimental or battalion level actions. Secondly, members of the MSM cavalry units were required to provide their own horses. For this, they were periodically paid. Thirdly, although serving primarily in their own state, MSM members would be eligible to apply for and receive Federal military pensions.
Within Missouri the MSM organizations proved highly successful in keeping the state under Federal control. However, in a move to reign in the expense of funding these state forces, in early 1863 the Federal War Department consolidated existing MSM units into nine regiments of cavalry and one of infantry.
The 14th Missouri MSM Cavalry was one of the one of the second wave organizations founded during the late winter and spring months of 1862. Its period of service was spent in southwestern Missouri.
Upon receiving the order to disband and consolidate in February, 1863, companies "A", "B", "C" and "D" transferred to the 4th MSM Cavalry. Companies "E", "F", "G" and "H" transferred to the 8th .
No Loss Numbers Available
REGIMENTAL HISTORY: (4th)
The 4th Missouri State Militia, a three year cavalry unit, was organized at St. Joseph, MO during the early part of 1862. It remained there a number of months for fitting and drill. During that period. (6/2/1862), it was involved in a skirmish with the enemy on the Little Blue River. In August it was ordered into the southwest portion of the state where, it joined the Army of the Frontier.
In late December, '62 and into January, '63 the 4th was assigned to the District of Central Missouri. While there it was involved in the defense of Springfield when Confederate forces under Confed. Gen. Marmaduke attacked. During this action (1/8/1863) two members of the unit were killed.
A move into central and northern Missouri came next. Actions there during mid-1863 included Princeton, Mercer County and Marshall located in Saline County. During 8/1863 it was sent to Missouri's District of the Border where it was involved in pursuing the forces of Rebel guerilla leader, William Quantrill. Other minor actions rounded out the year.
January, 1864 saw the 4th ordered back into central Missouri. There, occurred the battle of West Port (10/23/1864) which was numerically the largest action fought west of the Missouri River. Out of 40,000 Federals and Confederates on the field, close to 30,000 were engaged. Following the Rebel defeat at West Port the 4th was continually engaged with the enemy during the remainder of the year.
The 4th was stationed at Sedalia, MO from 11/1864 until 4/1865. It then marched to St. Louis where it was mustered out of the service and into the history books.
Officers Killed Or Mortally Wounded: 2; Officers Died Of Disease, Accidents, etc.: 2; Enlisted Men Killed Or Mortally Wounded: 34; Enlisted Men Died Of Disease, Accidents, Etc.: 86.
Residence: Missouri Age: ca. 23 – 24 yrs.
Enlisted/Enrolled: 3/11/1862 Springfield, MO Rank: Pvt.
Mustered In: 3/11/1862 Springfield, MO
Transferred Out: 2/22/1863
Highest Rank: Pvt.
Rank At Transfer: Pvt.
Residence: Missouri Age: ca. 24 – 25 yrs.
Transferred In: 2/22/1863 Rank: Pvt.
Mustered Out: 3/14/1865 Warrensburg, MO
Highest Rank: Pvt.
Rank At Discharge: Pvt.
NOTE: The birth - to - death biographical profile of Andrew Bullen was created in July, 2022 during the Covid-19 medical pandemic. It contains less depth of detail than many other biographies within this website because military service, pension and other veteran-related files housed in Washington, D.C.'s National Archives were not available. At a later time those documents may be obtained and the data contained therein added to the narrative which follows.
Andrew Jackson Bullen was born during 1838. No birth date or month have been found in available documentation. The location of his birthing was within Roane County, TN.
Parenting Andrew were Isaac Butler Bullen (b. 1804 NC) and Polly (no nee b. 1810 NC) Bullen. By trade, Isaac was a shoemaker.
As best as can be determined Andrew was the third of ten children. His older siblings were: James M. Bullen (b. Roane County, TN) and William G. Bullen (b. 1833 TN). His younger siblings were: Benjamin Bullen (b. 1837 TN), Isaac B. Bullen (b. 1839 TN), Matilda Bullen (b. 1841 TN), Susan Bullen (b. 1844 TN), John C. Bullen (b. 1846 TN), Amanda Bullen (b. 1848 TN) and Nancy L. Bullen (b. 1850 TN).
With the onset of what we now call the American Civil War (ACW) in 1861, the Bullen household became a "house divided." Having earlier left his parents' home, James Bullen served in the 5th (Confederate) Tennessee Infantry.* William Bullen, it appears, served in the 7th Tennessee (Confederate) Infantry. ** It seems all of the Bullen brothers - except Andrew - may also have worn the gray.
Andrew, who had also already left home by the time the Rebellion began, served with the Union. Further, the younger Matilda, who - unlike her sisters - was sympathetic to the Federal cause, was forced from under the Bullen family roof.
Andrew enlisted in the 14th Missouri State Militia (Union) Cavalry. He later transferred to the 4th Missouri State Militia (Union) Cavalry being mustered out slightly before The War's end. In both units, Private Bullen supplied his own mount and tack "equipment" for which he was paid a monthly use/risk stipend.
Private Bullen's military experience appears to have been fairly benign although somewhere along the way of his military tenure he may have suffered a rupture as well as a dislocated right hip. This disability, for at least a time beginning on 3/25/1864, may well have resulted in his being on detached service in Tipton, MO nursing sick soldiers. In later years, it definitely resulted in his obtaining a U. S. Government disability pension. Without accessing military pension records the details of this financial stipend remain unknown.
Departing the military, Andrew returned to farming in Missouri. Although that may have been in Webster County, exactly where he settled is not known.
It is surmised that, circa 1867 or, perhaps, '68, Andrew married. According to family sources, his bride was Abigail Hampton Wisdom. Beyond her name, all that is known about Abigail is that she had been born during 1832 in Lawrence County, TN. How when and where the two had met are other unknowns.
During their time together Andrew and Abigail produced five children. They were: Mary E. Bullen (b. 1869), John Andrew Bullen (b. 1872 MO), William Bullen (b. 1876), John Columbus Bullen (b. 11/1/1876) and Lewis Atchley Bullen (b. 1879). All were born in Missouri.
Looking further at the Bullens in Missouri, it appears Andrew, Abigail and the kids lived and farmed in several locations. In 1870 they were in Green Hickory County, MO. John Columbus was apparently born in Lewisburg (Louisburg) Dallas County, MO, so they may have lived there for a time. Finally, in 1880 they were in Grant Dallas County, MO.
The Bullens may have been in Missouri at the beginning of, and for most of the 1880s, but by the end of that decade, however, they had quitted that state in favor of Washington Territory/State. What had prompted this cross country move to the Pacific Northwest and exactly when the family arrived here are unknowns.
Initial documental information on the Bullens in Washington Territory/State, stems from 1889. In that year the family - consisting of Andrew, Abigail John and William - were farming in Columbia County.
The national Civil War Veterans' Schedule/Census of 6/1890 also found the family in Columbia County, but clarified their community of residence as being the farming town of Dayton. As for the schedule/census itself, it noted Andrew as suffering from a rupture, plus the dislocation of his right hip. For those, and perhaps other physical ailments tracing to his days of Civil War soldiering he had begun receiving a U.S. Government disability pension as early as 6/19/1875. Without accessing his pension documents the details of his monthly financial stipend remain unknown.
On 3/27/1890 Abigail died in Dayton Columbia County, WA. Details of her passing at the relatively young age of 57-58 years are not known. She was/is buried in the Dayton City Cemetery.
Andrew lived only a few years longer than Abigail. He, too, died at a relatively young age on 9/8/1894 and was/is buried with Abigail in the Dayton City Cemetery. A U.S. Government military headstone was added to his gravesite in 1902.
*Private James M. Bullen died of disease on 3/30/1864.
**Private William Bullen died of disease on 7/17/1862.
Buried at Dayton Cemetery
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