G.A.R. Post: Oliver Morton Post #10 Snohomish, WA
3rd NEW YORK VOLUNTEER CAVALRY
Organized: 9/9/61 Meridian Hill, VA
Mustered Out: 9/6/65
The 3rd, a three-year regiment, was named in honor of its first Colonel, James H. Van Alen. As fast as companies were raised they left the state for Meridian Hill, near Washington D.C. where the regiment was organized. While most companies were recruited in New York, Co. L was raised in Cincinnati and Xenia, Ohio, and Co. M was recruited in New Jersey.
The 3rd served in the Army of the Potomac until April, 1862 and then in the Dept. of North Carolina the remainder of ’62 and all of 1863. April 1864 found the unit in the Army of the James. It saw much hard service, particularly in operations around Petersburg, VA (5/64), the raid to the South Side and Danville railroads (6/64), and in action on the Darbytown Road (10/64) during the rest of the war.
In all, the 3rd participated in about 122 engagements and many minor skirmishes. With consolidation of companies at War’s end, remnants of the 3rd became the 4th Provisional Regiment, N.Y. Volunteer Cavalry.
Residence: Cincinnati, OH Age: 24.1 yrs.
Enlisted: 9/7/61 Cincinnati, OH Rank: Pvt.
Mustered In: 9/18/61
Mustered Out: 9/6/64 Bermuda Hundred, VA.
Highest Rank: Pvt.
Matthew Dougherty was born 8/12/37. His state of birth was Tennessee. No information is available on his birth family, formative or teenage years.
In 1861 the 5’7” Dougherty entered the U.S. Cavalry. At the time he listed his occupation as “moulder.” Most likely this was a task connected with the metal foundry industry. While in the military Private Dougherty performed the role of bugler. Records are unclear if he entered the service as a bugler or assumed that role thereafter. However, it appears he maintained bugler status throughout his period of enlistment.
Matthew’s Civil War legacy appears to have been poor health resulting from exposure to the weather. By his telling, he contracted rheumatism in the late fall of 1862 while on “scout” for “bushwhackers” in North Carolina. The weather was very wet and as fires were not allowed in camp, he could not dry his clothing. A head catarrah, perhaps sinus infection, seems to have stemmed from the same period.
The rheumatism was to follow him the rest of his life and, by 1906, at age 48 years, had rendered him almost totally unable to pursue his vocation as a “laborer.” At the time of his death Matthew was receiving a princely $72 month government disability pension based on his Civil War soldiering.
Mr. Dougherty’s cavalry service behind him, he returned to Cincinnati. There, on 12/14/65 he married Letitia Ellen McDermott. The couple would produce nine children: Mary Isabella (2/24/67), James Albert (2/26/69), Matthew Garrand (12/2/70), Nellie May (11/18/72), John Lennox (10/15/74), Gregory David (1/14/77), Blanche Estelle (12/8/78), Walter Eugene (date of birth lost), and Anna May (6/8/84. Letetia died 6/27/86 and by mid 1898 only four of the Dougherty children were still living.
In 1907 Matthew left Ohio for Pocatello, Idaho. Most likely the move was made to either be near or live with one of his adult children. 1912 found the former cavalry bugler moving to the Puget Sound area, again, to likely be near or live with a family member.
While it appears Mr. Dougherty may have initially settled in Seattle, for six years prior to his death on 4/6/27 he resided at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Charles Brumley “on the Monroe paved road.” At death Matthew Dougherty was 89.7 years of age.
Buried at Snohomish G.A.R.
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