G.A.R. Post: Oliver Morton Post #10, Snohomish, WA
16th WISCONSIN VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
Organized: 11/61 Camp Randall, Madison, WI
Mustered In: 1/3/62 Camp Randall, Madison, WI
Mustered Out: 6/2/65 Washington D.C. & 7/12 or 16/65 Louisville, KY
5th WISCONSIN VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
Organized: 6/61 Camp Randall, Madison, WI
Mustered In: 7/13/61 Camp Randall, Madison, WI
Mustered Out: 7/11/65 Madison, WI
REGIMENTAL HISTORY: (16th)
A three year, western theater, regiment, the 16th left Wisconsin on 3/13/62 and proceeded to Pittsburg Landing, TN where, on 4/6 and 4/7, it lost 245 killed and wounded during the battle of Shiloh. The siege of Corinth, MS followed during the same month. Later, in October, came the battle for that city.
Railroad guard duty took the regiment to the end of the year and beyond. 1863 found the unit remaining in Mississippi until it embarked upon Union W.T. Sherman’s Atlanta, GA campaign. The 16th was before Kennesaw Mtn., occupying trenches and skirmishing during most of 6/64. During the battles before Atlanta that July the regiment lost 123 killed and wounded. It then marched to the sea and took part in the siege of Savannah.
1865 found the 16th marching northward through the Carolinas. The 16th was engaged at Beaufort, Whippy Swamp and at Orangeburg where it waded through swamps to drive the enemy from his positions. The battle of Bentonville preceded participation in the Grand Review at Washington D.C. and final muster.
REGIMENTAL HISTORY (5th)
A three year, eastern theater, regiment, the 5th departed Wisconsin for Virginia almost immediately following federal muster. There it took a “conspicuous” part in the Battle of Williamsburg and the Peninsular Campaign. As 1862 drew to a close the unit fought at Antietam, MD and was present at Fredericksburg, VA.
In May, 1863 the unit was at Chancellorsville, VA. October, 1863 found the 5th on duty in New York City enforcing the draft. That same month it was one of two regiments to carry the main fort and redoubts at Rappahannock Station, VA. Remaining in Virginia, mid 1864 had the unit active at The Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg during initial movements of Union Gen. U.S. Grant’s Overland Campaign. Sent to the defense of Washington, D.C., original recruits were mustered out on 8/3/64 after which unit remnants and recruits formed a three company battalion until returning to regimental strength in October.
The revitalized 5th then moved into Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley where it was engaged at Snicker’s Gap, Charles Town and at Cedar Creek. With Confederate forces defeated in “The Valley,” the 5th joined Grant’s armies before Petersburg where it participated in the engagement at Hatcher’s Run and, in April, 1865, the relief of Fort Stedman and the final Petersburg Assault.
At Sailor’s Creek it advanced through a waist deep swamp “in the face of galling fire and compelled the enemy to surrender.” The regiment was with 6th corps when Confed. Gen. R.E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House.
Residence: Menomonee, WI Age: 24.6 yrs.
Enlisted/Enrolled: 1/21/62 Menomonee, WI Rank: Pvt.
Discharged: 1/6/63 Cairo, IL
Highest Rank: Pvt.
REGIMENTAL HISTORY: (5th)
Residence: Menomonee, WI Age: 26.5 yrs.
Enlisted: 12/30/63 Rank: Pvt.
Discharged/Mustered Out: Jefforsonville/Madison, WI
Highest Rank: Pvt.
John C. Eargood was born 7/18/36 (or 37) to parents John and Sarah Eargood in Wayne County, Indiana. No additional information is available on his birth family, childhood, formative or teenaged years. In early 1862, now residing in Menomonie, WI, the 5’8”, fair complexioned, blue eyed farmer answered his country’s call to arms and enlisted in Captain John R. Wheeler’s infantry unit.
The group subsequently became company G of the 16th Wisconsin volunteer infantry. Shortly after entering the military Private Eargood was beset by pleurisy which, on 3/18/62, left him hospitalized at Mound City, IL while his regiment moved on. Having returned to duty in mid July, that fall he participated in the October 3rd and 4th battle of Corninth, MS but within a few days of that conflict was stricken with pneumonia. The chronic nature of that ailment plus swelling of his abdomen and legs (ascites) again landed him in the hospital and, on 1/6/63 resulted in him being granted a medical disability discharge.
After returning to Menomonie and good health, on 12/30/63 Mr. Eargood once again joined the U.S. Army. While available records do not address the subject, this enlistment may have been prompted by receipt of an enlistment bonus or “bounty.” Private Eargood’s second period of service was with the 5th Wisconsin infantry. He joined the regiment on 4/18/64 at Brandy Station, VA. This tour of duty appears to have been served without wound or illness. The only documented entry of note on his service record is that on 7/13/64 he transferred from Co. “K” to Co. “A.”
Available records are silent on John Eargood during the 15 years following the ending of The Rebellion. It appears, however he returned to Lucas, WI to farm because that is where he was living when, on 9/11/80, in the same town he married 28 year old Marion/Marian/Mariam “Minnie” Palmer (b. 6/15/52 OH). The union reportedly produced 6 children, but the names of only 4 are available: John Garvin (b. unk.), Phillip (b. 5/17/85), Louisa (b. 10/22/87) and Lincoln, Abraham/Abriham. Only three of the four were living at the time of the 1910 census. When and why the Eargoods departed WI is not known. In July, 1907 the family was in Snohomish, WA. In April, 1915 they were in Madras, OR, but when, on 11/19 or 20/1919 John died they were back in Snohomish.
Following her husband’s death Marion met another ACW veteran, twice married John McKinnis of Port Orchard, WA. (Perhaps living in the Retsil, WA Soldiers’ Home) The two married 9/7/21 and subsequently set up household in Snohomish, likely in Marion’s home. While there, Mr. McKinnis’ health declined markedly. He died 5/23/23 at the age of 84.7 years and was buried in the Snohomish G.A.R. Cemetery (Row 23 Site 3). There is some evidence that following the death of John Mckinnis, Marion moved to the Soldiers’ Home in Retsil. The date and location of her death are not known.
Buried at Snohomish G.A.R.
George & Randee Burbidge
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