G.A.R. Post: Oliver Morton Post #10 Snohomish, WA
31st MAINE VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
Organized: 3/64 Augusta, ME
Mustered In: 3/1/ to 4/29/64 Augusta, ME
Mustered Out: 7/15/65 Alexandria, VA
Discharged: 7/27/65 Bangor, ME
The 31st, a three-year, Army of The Potomac regiment, left the state for Washington in April, 1864. Almost immediately it marched to Bristoe Station, VA to aid in concluding scenes of conflict. Thereafter the unit took part in the Battle of the Wilderness where it lost heavily in killed and wounded. From that time on it saw continuous hard service as Union Gen. U.S. Grant fought his way south to Appomattox, VA.
Battles of ’64 following the Wilderness included Spottslylvania Court House, Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor, Petersburg (the 31st was the first regiment to enter the enemy works once “the mine” was exploded), Weldon Railroad, Poplar Spring Church (the 31st was the last to fall back when the enemy turned the right of the brigade and compelled a retreat), and Hatcher’s Run.
Casualties for the regiment during this period were enormous as it was constantly engaged. In late ‘64 two previously unassigned infantry companies were added to the regiment and the 32nd Maine was consolidated into it. The 31st then spent the winter garrisoning forts Fisher and Davis.
February, 1865 found the 31st ordered to a point near Park Station on the Army Line & City Point Railroad. The unit remained here until 4/2 when it suffered severely assaulting the enemy’s works. Final assignments included pursuit of Confed. Gen. R.E. Lee’s fleeing troops and, on 4/8, conducting a detachment of prisoners to Ford Station.
Residence: Eddington, ME Age: 16.6 yrs.
Enlisted/Enrolled: 3/1/64 Augusta, ME Rank: Pvt.
Discharged: 7/15/65 Alexandria, VA
Highest Rank: Private
Wilbert F. Eddy was born 8/14/47 in Eddington, ME to parents Timothy and Jane (nee Rowe) Eddy. Eddington is located in south central Maine near Bangor. No additional details are available on his birth family or childhood years. Entering the U.S. Army, the 5‘11” sixteen-year-old farm boy found himself in an infantry regiment that was to see an inordinate amount of combat.
As a member of the 31st, Private Eddy was wounded 5/12/64 at Spottsylvania Court House, VA. No details are given on the wounding. It was definitely not life threatening as Wilbert successfully completed his period of enlistment. Further, in later years his pension papers do not mention the wounding in requesting government disability funds.
Following separation from the military Wilbert returned to Eddington, most likely resuming life as a farmer. On 3/1/69 (another source says 3/19/70) in Bangor, Wilbert married Charlotte Osgood (b. d. 9/6/51), a young woman from the nearby town of Corinna, ME. Although the couple would remain together until Wilbert’s death they never produced any children.
The Eddy’s settled in Eddington, and remained there until 1872 when they moved to the Sextons Precinct area of Snohomish, Washington Territory. Available documents are silent regarding what prompted the move. Once there, Wilbert resumed farming.
With the exception of a move to and return from Walla Walla in 1896, the Eddy’s remained in Snohomish until Wilbert died 7/18/18 at age 70 years and 11 months. Cause of death was listed as “organic heart disease” and “angine pecoris.” At death Wilbert was receiving a $20 government disability stipend. After her husband’s passing Charlotte remained in Snohomish. On 10/9/36 the 85.3 year-old “housewife” suffered a fractured right arm in a fall at home. The injury resulted in her contracting pneumonia. She died 12/7/36 and is buried beside Wilbert.
Buried at Snohomish G.A.R.
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