G.A.R. Post: Oliver Morton Post # 10 Snohomish, WA
1st WISCONSIN VOLUNTEER HEAVY ARTILLERY*
Mustered Out: 9/21/65 Washington D.C.
*Note: During the American Civil War a cavalry or infantry regiment could generally expect to serve and fight as a unit. Such was not the case with artillery regiments which seldom, if ever, came together as an entity. Instead, individual companies/batteries (generally 6 cannon and their crews) were assigned where needed. As such, here we are focusing not on the entire three-year history of the 1st Wisconsin, but on that of company/battery “D”.
The “Heavies” were primarily comprised of larger caliber, less mobile or even stationary cannon utilized primarily in the defensive protection of fortifications.
Thus, following being mustered into Federal service on 11/7/63, company/battery D left Wisconsin for New Orleans, LA and garrison duty in Ft. Jackson. In July, 1864 the unit moved to Ft. Berwick, Brashear City, LA where it remained until June, 1865. Company/battery D was mustered out 8/18/65.
Residence: Menasha, WI Age: 28.7 yrs.
Enlisted/Mustered In: 11/6/63 Camp Washburn Milwaukee, WI Rank: Pvt.
Discharged: 9/13/64 New Orleans, LA
Highest Rank: Pvt.
Leeman Underhill was born 3/19/35 in Schenectady, NY to parents John and Cynthia (Dodd) Underhill. No additional, information is available on his birth family, formative or teenage years. Entering the U.S. Army in 1863 school teacher Leeman Underhill would find sickness, not Johnny Reb, would be the greatest threat to his well being. Assigned to Ft. Jackson near New Orleans, LA in mid ’64 private Underhill succumbed to illnesses which would lead to his being granted a medical discharge, and would plague him the rest of his life.
According to Leeman, “I contracted indigestion and heart difficulty….on the removal of the battery. I was taken in a fevered and almost insensible condition to the U.S. Marine hospital….After some treatment it took the form of chronic diarrhea…I have been a partial invalid ever since… not being able to work more then 1/3 of the time (and having to avoid) heavy labor such as lifting.”
One document notation has Leeman, on 8/9/64, prior to his army discharge marrying Julia Rundlett in Lanesboro, MA. While the accuracy of this date may be questioned it appears without refute that Julia died in 1865 or earlier. The couple apparently produced no children. After leaving the military Leeman turned to farming in Michigan. On 6/2/66 as a resident of Lowell Township he married a second time to 24-year-old Mary S. Camp (nee Cooley). Mrs. Camp had been previously married to Henry Camp who had died in 1865 while in the military. This union would produce at least five children: Leem L. (1/31/68), Silvino S. (30/30/72), Freeman F. (7/20/75), Ada C. (7/27/79), and Charles C. (8/17/82).
When and why the Underhills left Michigan for the Puget Sound area where they settled in Mukilteo, WA is not known. However, it was there on 1/21/14 at the age of 78 years and 10 months Civil War veteran Leman Underhill died of senility. At passing he was receiving a $40 per month government disability stipend based on his military service. Mary Underhill died 9/14/25 at the Veterans Home in Retsil, WA. At death she was receiving $30 of her late husband’s pension.
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