13th WISCONSIN VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
Organized: 1861 Camp Treadway Janesville, WI
Mustered In: 10/17/61 Camp Treadway Janesville, WI
Mustered Out: 11/24/65 San Antonio, TX
The 13th, a three year western theater regiment, was mustered into Federal service in October, 1861, but did not leave the state until the 18th of January, 1862. At that time it moved to Leavenworth, KS and from there to Fort Smith, AR to join the southwestern expedition.
Upon reaching Fort Scott, KS the unit was ordered to Lawrence, KS to join the New Mexico expedition, but that expedition
was abandoned. Ordered back to Leavenworth it then moved to Columbus, KY where it was placed on railroad guard duty
and, later, garrisoned forts Donelson and Henry in Tennessee.
The regiment next accompanied an expedition against Clarksville, TN. There, it routed the Rebels and captured a quantity of military stores. Scouting assignments followed.
After driving Confed. Gen. Forrest's cavalry through western Tennessee it marched to Stevenson, AL where it captured an enemy supply depot. It then successfully defended Huntsville and Decatur against Rebel incursions. The regiment also
fought the forces of Confed. Gen. John Bell Hood at Nashville, TN.
On 12/31/64 Lieutenant Wagoner and thirty five men of Company "G." were captured by a force of 400 Confederates at Paint Rock River in Alabama.
1865. Following the fall of Richmond, VA the 13th was ordered to Indianola, TX. From there it set out on a march
to San Antonio. During this 145 mile trek the temperature reached 100 degrees causing many of the men to break down. It was while stationed at San Antonio that the regiment was mustered out of Federal service and into history.
Regimental losses: Officers killed or mortally wounded = 0; Officers died of disease, accidents, etc. = 0; Enlisted
men killed or mortally wounded = 5; Enlisted men died of disease, accidents, etc. = 188.
Residence: Spring Valley, WI Age: 17.11 yrs.
Enlisted/Enrolled: 8/25/63 Rank: Pvt.
Mustered In: 8/25/63
Mustered Out: 6/6/65
Highest Rank: Pvt.
ED. NOTE: The birth-to-death biographical profile which follows was requested by a relative of Civil War veteran Philo C. Olin. It was created without the benefit of pension and other documents housed in the National Archives located in Washington, D.C., so does not contain the details and depth of research enjoyed by other profiles found within this website.
Philo Carpenter Olin was born 9/20/45 in Sardinia, Erie County, New York. His parents were David (b. 1805 NY) and
Elathee/Eletheer "Ella" (nee Chegney b. 1810 RI or NY) Olin. The Olins were a farming family.
Available documents note ten Olin children of which Philo was the sixth. Siblings older than he were Anthony N. (b. 1832), Mathew (b. 1836 NY), Martha (b. 1837 NY), Lewis W. (b. 1839 NY), Carolina (b. 1840 NY) and Emelia (b. ca. 1843 NY). Those younger were Emma/Eunice (b. 1847 NY), Archibald Cheney (b. 1/50) and Unknown Daughter (b. 1858).
As noted by the birth states of Emma/Eunice and Archibald, at some point between 1847 and 1850 the Olin family
quitted New York in favor of Wisconsin. Their community of resettlement was Spring Valley located in Rock County.
When on 8/25/63 Philo enlisted in the U.S. Army, he listed his place of residence as Spring Valley. Likely, then, he was still living on his parents farm.
Without having access to his military service records all we know about Private Olin's period of military service is that on 12/31/64 he was captured by the enemy at Painted Rock Bridge, AL. Further, no details are available pertaining to his capture, period of being a prisoner of war or when and how he was released.
War years behind him, it appears Philo returned to Wisconsin and married. His bride was Lucille “Lucy” Anna Atwood (b. 1845 PA). The Census for 1870 found he, his wife and son Charles (b. 1867 WI) residing in or near the Green County community of Brodhead. Philo's occupation at the time was noted as "laborer."
1880. A new decade, a new census. Philo, Lucy and family - Charles, Myrtle Marie (b.1871 WI), Franklin Archie (b. 1873 WI), Harvey (b. 1877 WI) and Wallace James (b. 1879 WI) - were still in Wisconsin, but then residing back in his old hometown of Spring Valley. Perhaps he had returned to the area to take over his parents’ farm....... During this period Philo and Lucy’s last child – Lillian Jessie/Jessie Lillian (b. 1886 WI) – joined the family.
Most of the census for 1890 was destroyed by fire. Luckily, however, there is a surviving entry that year for Philo. All it tells us, though, is that he - perhaps alone - was residing in Mitchell, Davison County, South Dakota. There is no information about family, employment or anything else.
Where the Olins were in 1900 is not documented. Where they were in 1905 is documented.
In 1905 Philo and Lucy were once again farming. This time they were in Lyon County, Minnesota. What had drawn them to that location and when is not known. Also in their home was married son Charles, his wife and three children.
On August 13, 1910 in Lynd, Lyon County, Minnesota Lucy died. No details are available pertaining to her passing. She was/is buried in the Lynd cemetery.
Later in 1910 Philo shows up in Pierpoint, Douglas County, Washington. Again, what drew him this far west is not known. His occupation was listed as "retired farmer." Except for a boarder, he was living alone.
Philo Carpenter Olin died February 11, 1919 in Coulee City, Grant County, Washington. At death he was aged 73.5 years. Burial was/is in the Highland Cemetery located in neighboring Douglas County.
Buried at Highland Cemetery
Requester: Brett Olin
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