10th KENTUCKY VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
Organized: Fall/Winter, 1862
Mustered In: 11/2/1862 est.
Re-designated: Inf. Not Avail.
13th KENTUCKY VOLUNTEER CAVALRY
Designation Assigned: Inf. Not Avail.
Mustered Out: 4/12/1865 Christiansburg, VA
REGIMENTAL HISTORY: (10th/13th*)
.As is the case with many Confederate military bodies; the history of the 10th/13th is murky. Although the regiment was apparently assembled in Virginia, its organizational roots trace back to eastern Kentucky. Many recruits in several companies were from Whitesburg in that state’s Letcher County
At various times in its three year history the unit was known as the 10th Kentucky Infantry, the 10th Kentucky Mounted Riflemen , (Captain and, later, Colonel Benjamin E.) Caudill’s Regiment Kentucky Infantry, Caudill’s Army, the 22nd Kentucky Mounted Infantry and, lastly, by special order, the 13th Kentucky Cavalry.
An element of the Confederacy’s Army of East Tennessee, the unit served, at times, under General John Hunt Morgan’s command.
The 13th (sic) reportedly clashed with Federal forces in Tennessee, Kentucky and Virginia. Significant actions included the battles of Leatherwood (10/19/1862), KY and Marion (13/17 – 18-/1864), VA. Apparently, the unit was also involved two engagements around Whitesburg, KY as The War drew a close.
Loss Numbers Not Available
Residence: 10/4/1862 Whitesburg Letcher County, KY Age: 23
Enlisted/Enrolled: 10/4/1862 Whitesburg Letcher County, KY Rank: Pvt.
Mustered In: Inf.10/4/1862
Mustered Out: Spring, 1865
Highest Rank: Pvt.
Rank At Discharge:Pvt.
GEORGE W. ADAMS
10th KENTUCKY INFANTRY Co. “D”
13th KENTUCKY CAVALRY Co. “D”
NOTE: The birth - to - death biographical profile of George W. Adams was created in November, 2022 near the end of the Covid-19 medical pandemic. It contains less depth of detail than many other biographies within this website because military service, pension and other veteran-related files housed in Washington, D.C.'s National Archives were not available. At a later time those documents may be obtained and the data contained therein added to the narrative which follows.
_______________________________________________________________________________________According to his Washington State Certificate of Death, George Washington Adams was born on 9/2/1839. His place of birth was Letcher County, KY.
George’s parents were Moses Spencer “Smoot” Adams (b. 4/28/1812 Letcher County, KY – d. 5/16/1899 Wise County, VA) and Rebecca Roberts (nee Hall b. 1813 Scott, VA – d. unk.) Adams. The Adams family were farmers.
Smoot and Rebecca married in Kentucky during 1831. As best as can be determined, based on available U.S. Census data, their union produced at least ten children. Of those ten, George was the fourth born. His older siblings were Mary Adams (b. 1832 KY), Gilbert Adams (b. 1835 KY), Rachel Adams (b. 5/18/1836 Letcher County, KY) and Isaac Adams (b. 1837 KY). Younger siblings were: Lucinda Adams (b. 1842 KY), Dianah Adams (b. 1845 KY), Marlinda Adams (b. 1848 KY), William Wilson Adams (b. 3/11/1853 Letcher County, KY) and Joseph Wiley Adams (b. 11/15/1857 Letcher County, KY).
As noted, the ten Adams children were born in Kentucky. At least some, but probably all, were birthed in Letcher County.
By 1860 George had married and he and his bride were living (and likely farming) with her parents in Letcher County, KY His bride was Anna “Annie” Mullins. **. Anna had been born 9/1842 in Kentucky. How when and where the two had met are unknowns, but it can be surmised that they had known one another all their lives.
During their years together George and Anna produced at least nine children. The nine were: William Wilson Adams (b. 9/20/1862 KY), James Adams (b. 1865 KY), Mary Jane Adams (b. 1868 KY), Susannah Adams (b. 1872 KY), Isaac H. Adams (b. 1875 KY), Margaret M. Adams, John Quincy Adams (b. 1878 KY), Margaret M. Adams (b. 1880 KY), George W. “G.W.” Adams b. 6/1882 KY) and Laura B. Adams (b. 9/1887 VA).
Looking at the birth states of their offspring, one can see that George and Anna spent the bulk of their child producing/rearing years in Kentucky…………But, wait. Before we make that journey, a civil war had to be fought.
In April, 1861 civil war/rebellion spread across America. In October, 1862 George answered the call to arms given by the Confederate States of America (*CSA) and, as did many young lads and men in Kentucky, left his – then pregnant wife – and enlisted in the C.S. Army.
Although the connections are murky, it appears that our young Private Adams’ unit of service was the 10th (later the 13th) Kentucky Cavalry. Relying upon what military service records do exist, it appears George suffered from some unidentified sickness/sicknesses which, at the end of 8/1863 saw him absent on furlough from his unit. Beyond that time his activities in the Confederate military are not documented. In later years, however, he would note that he served until discharged at The War’s end.
Army life behind him, George returned to his farm, wife and child in Letcher County, KY. There, as earlier noted, he continued to grow his family.
In 1870 the family address was Precinct 6 of Letcher County. A decade later, it was Millstone Letcher County, KY. Rather than the family having moved, it is likely that Precinct 6 became Millstone.
There is no 1890 census data on George and family because most of that tally was destroyed by fire. At the dawn of the twentieth century, however the Adams clan was no longer farming in Kentucky. They were, instead, tilling the soil in Roberson Wise County, VA. What had drawn the family northward to that location is an unknown. As for when the family moved northward, in 1913, when applying for a state pension based on ailments and disabilities which he traced back to his days of Civil War soldiering for the Confederacy, George noted that he had come to Virginia circa 1884. A pension, it appears, was not granted.
Roberson was George’s community address in 1910, but not a decade later. As the 1920s dawned the family was farming in Lebam Pacific County, WA. Again, what had drawn them to the Pacific Northwest and when they arrived here are unknowns. Further, George did not list an occupation in that year’s census tally.
George Washington Adams died in Lebam Pacific County, WA on 2/18/1927. Cause of the 87.5 year old’s passing was listed as a cerebral hemorrhage (stroke). Burial was/is in the Maple Hills Cemetery located in Lebam, WA.
Although documentation is incomplete, it appears that following George’s death Annie remained in Pacific County. In 1940 she was residing there in the home of married daughter, Laura, and her husband.
Annie died in Pacific County, WA during 1943. At her passing she was 100 – 101 years of age. She was/is buried in the Maple Hills Cemetery with George.
* During the American Civil War (ACW) sixteen men with the surname Adams enlisted or were commissioned into the 10th/13th at Whitesburg Letcher County, KY. . Most did so in September, October and November, 1862. At least one of the enlistees, Gilbert Adams, was George’s brother. Another, William, may also have been a brother. As for the others, likely they were somehow related to George.
** During the American Civil War (ACW) Anna’s brother, Joseph Mullins, also served in the 13th Kentucky. He had enlisted on 10/18/1862 at Whitesburg, KY. He survived The War.
Buried at Maple Hill Cemetery AKA IOOF
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