G.A.R. Post: Oliver Morton Post #10 Snohomish, WA
16th WISCONSIN VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
Mustered in: 1/31/62 Madison
Mustered Out: 9/20/65 Louisville, KY
30th WISCONSIN VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
Mustered In: 10/21/62 Madison, WI
Mustered Out: 7/12/65 Madison, WI
REGIMENTAL HISTORY: (16th)
A three-year unit, the 16th left Wisconsin on 3/13/62 and proceeded to Pittsburgh Landing (Shiloh), TN where it participated in its first battle on 4/5 and 4/6. Exposed to heavy fire the greater part of both days, it sustained a loss of 245 killed and wounded.
Later that spring it was taking part in the siege of Corinth, MS. It also saw action in the second battle for that city in October. Skirmishing and garrison duty was followed by the Atlanta Campaign of mid ’64. In the battles before that city it lost heavily.
The regiment next took part in Sherman’s March to The Sea and the siege of Savannah. It then trekked northward in the Carolinas Campaign. After participating in the Grand Review in Washington D.C. part of the unit was mustered out 6/2/65 in that city. Those remaining received final muster in Kentucky.
REGIMENTAL HISTORY: (30th)
Companies of the 30th, a three year regiment, were first utilized in May, ’63 when ordered to the upper Missouri River as guards for transports in the Indian Expedition under Union General Sibley. Other companies were assigned in state to keep an eye on the Chippewas stirred up by the Sioux uprising in Minnesota.
In August other detached companies used for maintaining order during enrollment under the Conscription Act furnished guards for draftees, recruits and deserters. That winter was passed within Wisconsin. Spring, 1864 found various detachments ordered to posts in NW Minnesota and The Dakota Territory where they spent the summer guarding immigrants and participating in a number of engagements with Indians.
In October, five companies, (including “G”) were used in prison guard and duty as provost (military police) guard and for garrison duty at Frankfort and Georgetown, KY. When the unit was mustered out of existence is unlikely they had ever fired a shot at Johnny Reb.
Residence: Crystal Lake, WI Age: 17.11 yrs.
Enlisted/Mustered in: 2/17/62 Berlin, WI Rank: Pvt.
Highest Rank: Pvt.
Residence: Crystal Lake, WI Age: 19.8 yrs
Enlisted/Mustered In: 11/18/63 Rank: Pvt.
Mustered Out: 8/21/65
Highest Rank: Pvt.
Peter Lewis Francisco was, by this own account, born 3/12/44 in Delhi, New York to parents Phillip Van Rennsalaee and Eliza (Covell) Francisco. Beyond the fact that he had at least one sibling, a sister, no details are available on his birth family or formative years.
Entering the U.S. Army, the 5’10” farmer received a gunshot wound to the left thigh 4/6/62 during his unit’s baptism of fire at Pittsburgh Landing/Shiloh, TN. The wounding would result in his discharge from the military two months later. In late 1863, his wound having mended, Peter returned to military service. It appears his new unit was never actively engaged against rebel troops. The only notations regarding his tenure during this period refer to being sick in the hospital with fever-perhaps typhoid-on two occasions.
After the war Peter returned to Wisconsin. There, on 4/3/70 he married Marion Violetta Edwards (b.8/30/51). Genealogical records attribute ten children to the couple: George (1871), Eugene (12/26/73), Charles Lewis (8/1/77), Arthur Ernest (4/13/79), Levi Grant (1/2/81), Perry Clyde (4/8/82), Marion Edna (12/10/83), Ida (1886), Amanda (1889), and Marvin, (10/94). A 1920 document, however, mentions only six children and one of these (Eugene) is listed as deceased.
Referring to his own death, the Everett Daily Herald obituary noted the former union soldier as being survived by his wife and five children- Lewis, Ernest, Leva, Perry, and Marion. Peter notes living in two locations in Wisconsin after the war before moving westward to the Puget Sound area. When and why they moved here is not documented. Here the Francisco family reportedly lived in Sedro Wooley and, by 1920, Everett
A 1925 pension document noted the aging Civil War veteran requiring constant attention because he is “totally blind, has cancer in the nose and eye and chronic catarrh (infection).” Peter Lewis Francisco died 10/11/28. At the time of his death the 84.7 year old former soldier was receiving a $90 per month government pension. Marion, at the time of her passing 11/26/33 was receiving $36 per month.
Buried at Snohomish G.A.R.
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