G.A.R. Post: Oliver Morton Post #10 Snohomish, WA
5th WISCONSIN VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
Mustered In: 7/13/61 Camp Randall, Madison, WI
Mustered Out: 7/11/65 Madison, WI
This three year “eastern theater” regiment left Wisconsin almost immediately after Federal muster. In the spring of 1862 it was conspicuous in the battle of Williamsburg, VA and elsewhere during the Peninsula Campaign. It next fought at Antietam, MD and, later that year, Fredricksburg, VA. In May, 1863 the 5th fought in the battle of Chancellorsville, VA.
October found the unit on duty in New York City enforcing the draft. 1864 saw the regiment engaged in The Wilderness, at Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg, VA. After being sent to assist in the defense of Washington, D.C. against Confed. Gen. Jubal Early’s raid, on 8/3/64 original enlistees were mustered out.
The 5th now an independent battalion consisting of three companies composed of reenlisted veterans and recruits, became involved in Federal actions within Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley. Returned to regimental status later in ’64 the 5th moved into the trenches around Petersburg, VA.
In early 1865 at Petersburgh the 5th came to the relief of Ft. Stedman, was involved in the final assault on the city’s defenses, and, afterwards fought at Sailor’s Creek where “it advanced through a swamp, waist deep, in the face of a galling fire and compelled the enemy to surrender.”
Final pursuit of Confed. Gen. R.E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia to Appomattox Court House concluded the regiment’s combat career.
Residence: Vernon, WI Age: 18 or 19 yrs.
Enlisted/Mustered In: 2/8/64 Rank: Pvt.
Discharged: 7/8/65 Jefferson, IN
Mustered Out: 7/11/65
Highest Rank: Pvt.
Alexander Rose was born January 18th in west central New York State’s Livingston County. There is some uncertainty as to whether the year was 1845 (that year tends to be supported by military records) or 1846. (The latter is noted by Alexander himself.) It is also unclear if Alexander’s father, Hugh (b.3/6/10), was born in Scotland or Amsterdam, NY. His mother, Elenor (nee McIntyre) was born 12/27/17 in New York, the state in which she and Hugh were wed. The couple would produce five children, all of whom were born in New York: Allan (4/10/43), Alexander, Hugh (10/27/48), Peter (8/16/51), and Mary Elizabeth (8/27/55).
Just weeks past his eighteenth/nineteenth birthday young Alexander, now residing in Wisconsin, left the farm and enlisted in the U.S. Army. Within the 5th Wisconsin infantry he was first assigned to a unit without an official alphabetical designation. That unit appears to have subsequently become company “F” at time of Federal muster. Private Alexander remained with that company until 7/13/64 when, for some unexplained reason, he transferred to company “C” where he remained for the balance of his military tenure. As for the nature of that tenure, it apparently was uneventful in terms of illness, wounding, attendance or behavioral infractions.
Discharged from the military, Alexander returned to Wisconsin where, at some point, he assumed the occupation of carpenter. It was also in the Wisconsin community of Necedah that he married Elizabeth Georgian Street (b. WI ca. 1865) on 11/6/81. The union would produce six children, all but one (*) of whom would survive into adulthood: Claude (*8/31/82), Ida (7/28/85), Louis (4/14/88), Alexander Jr. (10/15/91), James (4/23/98), Gilbert (7/24/00), and Celia (1/7/03). The first four were born in Wisconsin, the final two, Gilbert and Celia, in Washington.
Exactly when and why Alexander and family came to Washington Territory/State is not known. However, they were definitely here by 1898. As for why, considering that later pension documents list Mr. Rose’s occupation as “farmer,” it may have been the lure of open farmland that drew them westward. It appears the family’s first residences were in eastern Washington’s Lincoln County communities of Wilbur and /or Creston (1899), plus, until 1908, Entiat in Chelan, County.
In October, 1923 Everett, Washington was listed as home to Alexander. By this time the aging veteran’s health was beginning to fail, as noted in a pension request made to the U.S. Government: “Loss of memory and defective eyesight. (One eye completely gone, the other partly gone). Requires constant watching to keep from accidents.” (Alexander’s attorney during this period was fellow Civil War comrade Edwin C. Warner. Row: Maus. Site: 1).
At his passing Mr. Rose was receiving a princely $72 per month government disability pension. Alexander Rose died 10/15/27. Primary cause of death was listed as lobar pneumonia with age and arteriosclerosis contributing. The death certificate noted his age to be 81 years, 8 months, and 27 days. His place of residence was listed as the Hartford area near the town of Lake Stevens. This may have been the home of son Alexander Rose Jr. It is not known when Alexander’s wife, Elizabeth died.
Buried at Snohomish G.A.R.
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