Civil War soldier: Private, Company F, 4th West Virginia Infantry; promoted to Corporal; re-enlisted as a veteran; finished his service in Company C, 2nd West Virginia Infantry. He was born in Wheeling when it was still a part of the state of Virginia. He was a farmer in Iowa, where his son Clarence was born, and lived later at Sunnyside and Outlook. He received pension for his service from March 1885. Following the death of his wife, he lived with other family members in Kennewick. He died there of an acute onset medical condition. His body was returned to Sunnyside for burial on 20 Feb 1931.