2nd ILLINOIS VOLUNTEER CAVALRY
Organized: Summer, 1861 Camp Butler Springfield, IL
Mustered In: 8/12/1861 Camp Butler Springfield, IL
Mustered Out: 11/22/1865 San Antonio, TX
2nd MINNESOTA VOLUNTEER CAVALRY
Organized: Fall & Winter, 1863
Mustered In: January, 1864
Mustered Out: 5/4/1866
REGIMENTAL HISTORY: (2nd IL)
The 2nd Illinois was a three year cavalry regiment. Its period of service took it throughout the western theater of the American Civil War (ACW).
Mustered into Federal service in August, 1861 the unit left the state in mid-September and moved to Cairo, IL. Its first battle was Belmont (11/7), MO. That December it lost its first man to a Confederate bullet at Bird's Point, MO.
1862. During the War's second year elements of the 2nd were widely scattered throughout Kentucky, Tennessee and Illinois.
In January, 1863 the regiment arrived in Memphis, TN. From there it moved upon Vicksburg, MS with the forces of Union Gen. U.S. Grant. After the fall of that city (7/4) the 2nd advanced towards Jackson before, in August, turning southward into Louisiana where it skirmished with the Rebels almost daily.
In Louisiana, the regiment's first battle action (11/7) was at Vermilionville. Charging into town the 2nd killed or captured several of the enemy.
March, 1864 saw the 2nd marching out of New Orleans, LA into the Red River campaign. At the battle of Mansfield/Sabine Crossroads (4/8) the unit lost several killed.
Slightly less than a year after Mansfield, in March, 1865 the 2nd moved to Ft. Blakely, AL. After the capture of that stronghold (4/9) it travelled by steamship to Shreveport where the unit was compressed into six companies dubbed the 2nd Illinois Consolidated Cavalry.
The consolidated 2nd spent some time in Texas where, at San Antonio, it was mustered out. From there it travelled back to Springfield, IL where, on 1/3/1866, the men were paid off and honorably discharged.
Officers Killed Or Mortally Wounded: 8; Officers Died Of Disease, Accidents, Etc.: 3; Enlisted Men Killed Or Mortally Wounded: 50; Enlisted Men Died Of Disease, Accidents, Etc.: 173.
REGIMENTAL HISTORY: (2nd MN)
The 2nd Minnesota was a one year cavalry regiment. It was truly a "western" unit in that it fought, not Johnny Reb, but Native Americans along the Minnesota/Dakota Territories border on what was then considered America's western "frontier."
Mustered into Federal service during January, 1864 the 2nd was engaged - until May - in garrison duty, with occasional expeditions in pursuit of wandering bands of Indians. It then left Ft. Snelling in St. Paul, MN for a campaign against the hostiles.
Composed of infantry and cavalry units, the expedition departed Ft. Ridgley on 1/5/1864. This grouping affected a 7/1/18964 junction with other Federals at Ft. Sully on the Missouri River. The combined Federal force then drove the Indians from their camp along the Cannon Ball River and followed them to the Little Heart River.
Next came the battle of Tahkahokuty Mountain where 5,000 natives were strong posted in the hills and ravines. Two men were lost during this conflict, but the hostiles were routed.
In early August, 1864 the 2nd participated in the two day engagement known as the battle of the Little Missouri. After that it reached the Yellowstone River and began the return march east. During this period there were several encounters with the enemy.
Reaching Ft. Ridgley on 10/8/1864, the men of the 2nd were sent out to garrison a number of forts and small posts. They were mustered out as fast as regular army soldiers could replace them. This process continued through the fall of 1865 and into May, 1866.
Officers Killed Or Mortally Wounded: 0; Officers Died Of Disease, Accidents, Etc.: 3; Enlisted Men Killed Or Mortally Wounded: 4; Enlisted Men Died Of Disease, Accidents, Etc.: 56.
SOLDIER (2nd IL)
Residence: Quincy, IL* Age: 26.6 yrs.
Enlisted/Enrolled: 8/5/1861 Rank: Pvt.
Mustered In: 8/12/1861
Mustered Out: Inf. Not Avail.
Highest Rank: Pvt.
Rank At Discharge: Pvt.
SOLDIER: (2nd MN)
Residence: Prescott Pierce County, WI (est.) Age: 29.8 yrs.
Enlisted/Enrolled: 11/20/1863 Prescott Pierce County, WI Rank: 2nd Lieut.
Mustered Out: 11/22/1865
Highest Rank: 2nd Lieut.
Rank At Discharge: 2nd Lieut.
NOTE: The birth - to - death biographical profile of Henry Phillips was completed in March, 2022 during the Covid-19 medical pandemic. It contains less depth of detail than many other biographies within this website because military service, pension and other veteran-related files housed in Washington, D.C.'s National Archives were not available. At a later time those documents may be obtained and the data contained therein added to the narrative which follows.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________Henry Fayette Phillips was born on 3/13/1834. His place of birth was Erie County, PA.
Parents of Henry were John Carson Phillips (b. 1739 Scotland - d. 8/5/1849 Kendall, IL) and Elizabeth (nee Davidson b. 3/12/1810 PA - d. 4/3/1839 loc. unk.) Phillips. Available documentation does not provide an occupation for John.
Based on available U.S. Census data, Henry was the fifth of seven children produced by John and Elizabeth. Younger than Henry were: Mary Jane Phillips (b. 4/20/1827 Erie County, PA), Hamilton Davidson Phillips (b. 6/17/1829 PA), Edward Jefferson Phillips (b. 11/10/1830 PA) and Elizabeth Hannah Phillips (b. 8/19/1832 Erie County, PA.) His younger siblings were Benjamin Hyatt Phillips* (b.3 1/3/1834 Erie County, PA) and Martha Marie Phillips (b. 6/26/1837 Kendall, IL). As noted by the birth states of the children, sometime between 1832 and 1837 John moved his family from Pennsylvania to Illinois.
At some point in time following Martha Marie Phillips birth, Elizabeth Phillips died. John Phillips then remarried, his second wife giving him six additional children and Henry half brothers and sisters.
After his birth, the first U.S. Census data on Henry is found in 1860. By that year he was married and a father. He and his family were residing Prescott (Ward 2) Pierce County, WI. There, Henry was employed as a teamster.
Henry had married in LaSalle, IL on 11/14/1855. His bride was Arabella S. Cook. Miss Cook had been born 11/20/1840 in Missouri. How and when the two had met is not known. After being wed the couple settled in Wisconsin.
During their years together Henry and Arabella produced seven children. *** They were: Oscar Fayette Phillips (b. 4/17/1857 WI), Walter Benjamin Phillips (b. 1859 WI), Clarence Herbert Phillips (b. 1870 CA), Edward Cook Phillips (b. 12/3/1871 Jacksonville Jackson County, OR), Gertrude G. Phillips (b. 1/2/1874 Ashland Jackson County, OR) and Harold P. Phillips (b. ca. 1893 loc. unk.).
On 8/5/1861 Henry and his younger brother, Benjamin, joined the U.S. Army and went to War. Both privates' regiment was the 2nd Illinois Cavalry. Although the 2nd was a three year unit, Henry served only into April, 1862 when he was discharged. Without accessing his military service files, the nature of that early-out remains an unknown.
In November, 1863 Henry once again left his family and went to war. This time the enemy was not Johnny Reb, but Native American Indian tribes along, what was then, America's western frontier. His return to the saddle may have been spurred by financial enlistment bonuses or "bounties" as well as his being commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant. Once again, Henry would survive the rigors of army life and return to his family.
After he exited the military for the final time it is not documented where Henry rejoined his family. We can surmise, however, that was in Wisconsin.
The Phillips family has not been located in the U.S. Census of 1870. This is likely because they were in-transit to the far west coast of America. That is based upon the fact that third son Clarence was birthed in California during 1870. Exactly what had drawn the family there, when they had arrived and exactly where they established their residence are unknowns.
What is known is that the Phillips clan did not remain long in the Golden State. By the time of the birth of Edward at the end of 1871 the family had quitted California and moved northward into southern Oregon where they were living in the Jackson County community of Jacksonville.
In 1880 Henry, his wife and children were still residing in Jackson County, OR, but by then their residential community was Ashland. In Ashland Henry had established himself as a contractor operating a stage coach line.
Once again, the Phillips family did not tarry in southern Oregon. By 1883 they had moved further northward to Seattle King County, Washington Territory (WT). As a repeat, what had drawn them to the Puget Sound region and when they had arrived here are unknowns.
In Seattle, Henry's occupation continued in the livery (horse) field. In '83 he noted he was a "stable man". In 1885 he was a "liveryman." At the dawn of the twentieth century he was a "retired liveryman."
Henry Fayette Phillips died at home - 511 16th Ave. N., Seattle - on 9/9/1908. The cause of the old soldier's death was Gastro Enteritis & contributing factor was paralysis for 15 days. The burial, under the auspices of masonic organizations to which Henry belonged, was/is in Seattle's Lake View Cemetery located near the north end of that city's Capitol Hill.
Dropping back some years, during the late 1880s Henry had applied for and been granted a U.S. Government disability pension based on his Civil War soldiering. Details of his monthly allowance will remain unknown until if, and when, his pension files are obtained.
Only days following her husband's passing, the widow Phillips petitioned the U.S. Government to continue receiving at least a portion of her late husband's pension. The request was granted but, again, without accessing her files the dollar amount of her monthly stipend remains an unknown.
For a time after Henry's death Arabella lived with married daughter Gertrude White and her family in Spokane, WA. By 1920 that family - with Arabella - had moved to Seattle.
Arabella died in Seattle King County, WA on 2/18/1920. She was/is buried at Lake View with Henry.
* Although one source indicates that when Henry enlisted in the 2nd Illinois he was a resident of Quincy, IL. This was not true. In 1860 the U.S. Census had found him in Prescott Pierce County, WI and, when he re-enlisted in 1863, he did so at Prescott Pierce County, WI. However, his younger brother, Benjamin did reside in Quincy, IL.
** Benjamin enlisted in the 2nd Illinois Cavalry on the same day as did Henry. Both were mustered into Co. "L" on 8/12/1861. Benjamin was discharged on 12/30/1862.
*** In the 1900 U.S. Census Arabella claimed she was mother to six children all of whom were then living. However, according to family, she and Henry had a seventh child, a son they named Warren. He was born 3/28/18687 and died 10/17/1869.
Buried at Lake View Cemetery Seattle
©2022 Civil War Veterans Buried In Washington State • All Rights Reserved.